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Zithers, Psalteries, and Dulcimers

  • Zithers, Psalteries, and Dulcimers - Slide

  • Zither

    18th century

    Description

    A shallow sound-box with a straight right-hand side and a semi-circular extension on the left-hand side. Pierced sound-hole. Gradually tapering head. Lower end frontal string fastening, anterior pegs of iron wire with loop formed heads. Two paired stopped strings pass over seventeen wire frets inserted in an ebony finger-board. Nine open strings.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 57.3 cm, width 21.5 cm, height 4.2 cm (Length 22 9/16 in., width 8 7/16 in., height 1 5/8 in.)

    Medium

    Pine

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Chordophones

    Accession Number

    17.1777

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Zither (epinette des Voges)

    19th century

    Description

    A narrow sound-box with two heart-shaped sound-holes. Peg-box with scroll at the top; five lateral pegs. Metal strings with the lower end frontal fastening. Two stopped melody strings passing over fourteen metal frets set in the sound-board. Three open strings. The ends of the pins are protected at the lower end by an ornamented guard. Played in the horizontal position with the peg-box at the player's left.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 64.3 cm, width 7.9 cm, height 2.8 cm (Length 25 5/16 in., width 3 1/8 in., height 1 1/8 in.)

    Medium

    Maple

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Chordophones

    Accession Number

    17.1778

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Zither

    19th century

    Description

    A rectangular deep box with slanting, molded ends on four ivory feet; bottom and sides of maple, sound-board of pine. Light yellow-brown varnish. The sound-board has two sunk rosetted sound-holes. An ebony finger-board with twenty-four ivory frets. Lower end frontal fastening of strings; buttons at the lower end, square-headed steel tuning pins. Four stopped strings passing over metal strips serving as the saddle and a nut. Thirteen open strings pass over two ebony bridges with thin metal strips on the top. The edges of the sound-board and of the sound-holes are inlaid in black and white.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 73.8 cm, width 22.7 cm, height 7.6 cm (Length 29 1/16 in., width 8 15/16 in., height 3 in.)

    Medium

    Maple,spruce

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Chordophones

    Accession Number

    17.1775

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Concert zither

    1893

    Hartmann Bros. & Reinhard (American, active 1880–after 1893...

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 59.9 cm, width 37.6 cm, height 3.3 cm (Length 23 9/16 in., width 14 13/16 in., height 1 5/16 in.)

    Medium

    Rosewood

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Chordophones

    Accession Number

    1986.972

    Collections

    Americas, Musical Instruments

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  • Zither (Scheitholt)

    about 1900

    F. Oberthier (German, 20th century? German)

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 87.3 cm, width 11.1 cm, height 6.3 cm (Length 34 3/8 in., width 4 3/8 in., height 2 1/12 in.)

    Medium

    Pine

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Chordophones

    Accession Number

    63.3048

    Collections

    Europe, Musical Instruments

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  • Zither (langeleik)

    mid-20th century

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 108.5 cm, width 16 cm, height 8.6 cm (Length 42 11/16 in., width 6 5/16 in., height 3 3/8 in.)

    Medium

    Pine

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Chordophones

    Accession Number

    1982.14

    Collections

    Contemporary Art, Musical Instruments

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  • Psaltery (arpanetta)

    about 1670

    Description

    A vertical, shallow sound-box placed on two feet, with strings on both sides. Ornamented with painted Cupids, birds, and flowers. A portrait of a lady on the front. The left-hand side sound-board has one rosette sound-hole and thirty-six strings passing over a single bridge. The right-hand sound-board has two rosettes and seventy-three strings divided into tow groups; a group of fifty-one strings fixed at the upper end to a curved bar and passing over a curved bridge close by, then over a straight bridge at the bottom; a group of twenty-two strings fixed to another curved bar and passing over the straight bridge at the bottom.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Height 116 cm, width 38.4 cm, depth 8.4 cm (Height 45 11/16 in., width 15 1/8 in., depth 3 5/16 in.)

    Medium

    Spruce

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Chordophones

    Accession Number

    17.1773

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Psaltery

    1789

    Description

    A trapeze-shaped oak case. Eight strings, identified by numerals painted in white under each string on the sound-board; strings are fastened to two bars by small iron pins on the left and to the tuning pins on the right. Both bars have inserted thin strips of brass, serving as bridge.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 83.8 cm, width 27.6 cm, height 8.8 cm (Length 33 in., width 10 7/8 in., height 3 7/16 in.)

    Medium

    Oak

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Chordophones

    Accession Number

    17.1776

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Psaltery (bell harp)

    19th century

    Description

    Maple case. Spruce soundboard. Eighteen triple courses of strings.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 61.5 cm, width 35.8 cm, height 16 cm (Length 24 3/16 in., width 14 1/8 in., height 6 5/16 in.)

    Medium

    Maple, spruce

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Chordophones

    Accession Number

    1992.316

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Psaltery

    19th century

    Description

    A trapeze-shaped pine sound-box with bevelled edges and an ornamented sound-hole. Two bridge bars and a tuning pin bar on the top. Twenty-two doubled steel strings, both ends of which are fixed to the tuning pins; the looped ends of the strings are affixed to hooks fastened on the side of the body.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 61.9 cm, width 34.3 cm, height 3 cm (Length 24 3/8 in., width 13 1/2 in., height 1 3/16 in.)

    Medium

    Pine

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Chordophones

    Accession Number

    17.1774

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Psaltery (kantele)

    19th century

    Description

    Bottom and sides of birch carved from solid block. Soundboard of pine. Two soundholes: one circular and one cross-shaped. Tuning pegs of wood. Bridge near tuning pegs of iron. Twelve strings, attached at lower ends to rod of iron held in place by holes in case flanges.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 69.5 cm, width 21.7 cm, height 7.2 cm (Length 27 3/8 in., width 8 9/16 in., height 2 13/16 in.)

    Medium

    Birch, pine

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Chordophones

    Accession Number

    17.1771

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Psaltery (kantele)

    late 19th century

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 91 cm, width 27.3 cm, height 10.8 cm (Length 35 13/16 in., width 10 3/4 in., height 4 1/4 in.)

    Medium

    Birch, spruce

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Chordophones

    Accession Number

    1989.131

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Psaltery (Phonoharp)

    about 1892

    Phonoharp Co. (American, 1891–1926 American)

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 44.2 cm, width 23.5 cm, height 2.9 cm (Length 17 3/8 in., width 9 1/4 in., height 1 1/18 in.)

    Medium

    Pine

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Chordophones

    Accession Number

    1980.248

    Collections

    Americas, Musical Instruments

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  • Zither (Appalachian dulcimer)

    1913

    James Edward Thomas (about 1850–1933)

    Description

    Bottom, sides, soundboard, and fingerboard of poplar painted black. Three shallow feet. Pegbox and tuning pegs of walnut. Seventeen frets of iron. One stopped string. Two open strings.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 86.8 cm, width 15.8 cm (Length 34 3/16 in., width 6 1/4 in.)

    Medium

    Walnut, poplar

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Chordophones

    Accession Number

    1989.129

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Zither (Appalachian dulcimer)

    1962

    Edd L. Presnell (American, 1917–1994 American)

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 89.4 cm, width 16.4 cm, height 4.9 cm (Length 35 3/16 in., width 6 7/16 in., height 1 15/16 in.)

    Medium

    Walnut

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Chordophones

    Accession Number

    1989.138

    Collections

    Americas, Contemporary Art, Musical Instruments

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  • Aeolian harp

    late 19th century

    Description

    Long rectangular body of wedge-shaped cross-section, with removable cover, made of pine throughout. Round soundhole (diameter 52 mm) at center of soundboard. Two moveable bridges of ebony. Twelve gut strings fixed to brass? hitchpins at one end, passing over bridges and fastened at opposite end to staggered iron tuning pins with rectangular heads. Cover has four "legs" with brass? pins to locate position on body, and forms wedge-shaped air passage when in place.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 91.1 cm, width 12.3 cm, height 7.3 cm (Length 35 7/8 in., width 4 13/16 in., height 2 7/8 in.)

    Medium

    Pine

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Chordophones

    Accession Number

    17.1779

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Aeolian harp

    1825–50

    Description

    Long rectangular body of wedge-shaped cross-section, with removable cover, made of pine throughout. Body and cover painted cream white with light green stripe along all edges. Center of cover painted with two white flowers and foliage. Round soundhole (diameter 43 mm) at center of soundboard. Two fixed bridges of ebony. Eight gut strings fixed to small iron hitch pins at one end, passing over bridges and fastened at opposite end to staggered iron tuning pins with rectangular heads. Cover has arched blocks at each end, forming four "legs" with iron pins to locate position on body, and forms wedge-shaped air passage when in place. Cover fits flush at hitch-pin end of body, but stops short of tuning pins. Painted white with green borders. Rectangular box, slanting top, with circular sound hole; strings and pegs. Cover with slanted sides has painted roses on top.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 74.8 cm, width 13.7 cm, height 10.6 cm (Length 29 7/16 in., width 5 3/8 in., height 4 3/16 in.)

    Medium

    Pine

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Chordophones

    Accession Number

    12.1531

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

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  • Aeolian harp

    about 1960

    Possibly by Lawrence Thompson (American, about 1870–about 1960...

    Description

    Long rectangular body of wedge-shaped cross-section, with removable cover, made of pine throughout except for end blocks of mahogany. Two trefoil-shaped soundholes. Two fixed bridges of walnut. Twelve gut strings fixed to brass? hitch pins at one end, passing over bridges and fastened at opposite end to staggered iron zither-type tuning pins with square heads. Cover has four brass pins to locate position on body, and forms wedge-shaped air passage when in place.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 81.3 cm, width 11 cm, height 7.8 cm (Length 32 in., width 4 5/16 in., height 3 1/16 in.)

    Medium

    Pine

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Chordophones

    Accession Number

    1989.140

    Collections

    Americas, Contemporary Art, Musical Instruments

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  • Dulcimer and one mallet

    19th century

    John Grey & Sons Ltd. (English, 19th century English)

    Description

    Trapezoidal box, sides inlaid in bands. Sound-board varnished black; two sound-holes covered with red flannel. Twenty-one sets of quadruple strings attached on the right side to eight-four pegs. Two strings of each of these sets are made of one V-shpaed wire, the free ends being attached to the tuning pegs and the bottom of the V hooked to a small iron pin on the left side. There are two slotted strips of wood placed over the sound-board. The strip close to the tuning pins supports eleven small movable bridges with tongs fitting into the slot to provide clearance. The other strip supports ten similar bridges, its location being so selected as to divide the vibrating lengths of the string in the ratio of two to three (which gives the ratio of a fifth). A tuning key is exhibited with the instrument.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 82 cm, width 38 cm, height 7.4 cm (Length 32 5/16 in., width 14 15/16 in., height 2 15/16 in.)

    Medium

    Mahogany, maple

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Chordophones

    Accession Number

    17.1780a-b

    Collections

    Europe, Musical Instruments

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  • String drum (tambourin à cordes) and mallet

    19th century

    Description

    Irregular oblong sound-box hollowed out of a solid block of maple forming the body of the instrument; light walnut sound-board. Six gut strings, fixed to the projecting block at the bottom, pass over the saddle- block (nailed to the sound-board), over the upper bridge with U-shaped wire staples, over the top saddle-block to the six boxwood tuning pegs inserted in the top and protected by two horn-shaped guards. The sound-board is decorated with two hexafoils and conventionalized plant pattern and perforated by many small holes; the decorativs are made lighter in color than the rest of the sound-board. Stained light greenish-borwn and varnished. Linen covered stick attached by a gut string.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 90.9 cm, width 16.3 cm, height 7.1 cm (Length 35 13/16 in., width 6 7/16 in., height 2 13/16 in.)

    Medium

    Maple, walnut

    Classification

    Musical instruments, Chordophones

    Accession Number

    17.1781a-b

    Collections

    Musical Instruments

    Not On View
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