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Bagpipes, Reedpipes, and Capped-reed Instruments

  • Bagpipes, Reedpipes, and Capped-reed Instruments - Slide

  • Bagpipe (musette)

    mid-18th century

    Description

    Two chanters and six drones. Leather bag covered with blue velvet and silver braid. Three stocks: one of which has attached to it the bourdon cylinder, and extends 12.5 cm. into the bag, forming a protective cap for the drone reeds. The bag is inflated by bellows. Two chanters are attached to one stock; the smaller chanter is fixed on the larger. The bourdon consists of a rosewood cylinder in which are drilled sixteen cylindrical bores connected into six independent systems forming the tubes of the drones. The pitch of the drones is regulated by seven sliders of ivory (layettes) fitted into swallowtail grooves, the bottoms of which are covered with leather. The ivory sliders have steel shoes that are pressed against the leather bottom of the grooves by steel springs, thus insuring an airtight fit. The drones are fitted with double reeds. The large chanter (le grand chalumeau) has an open cylindrical bore with a flaring bell, seven finger- holes in the front, one of which (the lowest) is double as on No. 99 for half- stopping, and a thumb-hole in the rear; two vent-holes on the bell; no keys. The small chanter (le petit chalumeau) consists of a small closed tube with six silver keys; it is attached so that it is parallel to the large chanter. Both chanters are made of ebony and both are fitted with double reeds. The stocks, the bourdon, and the chanters are tipped with ivory; the whole instrument is of excellent workmanship.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Large chanter length (without reed) 29.2 cm (11 1/2 in.)

    Medium

    Ebony, ivory, leather, cloth

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1936

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  • Bagpipe (highland pipes)

    early 19th century

    Description

    Chanter and three drones. Black leather bag. Five stocks. The blow-pipe is of ebony with an ivory mouthpiece. The drones are of ebony, ivory tips, furnished with single reeds; the bells of the drones have a pear- shaped inside profile somewhat similar to that of the English horn; the bore is cylindrical, in two steps: the bell joints have increased bores (12.5 mm). The chanter is of ebony with an ivory disc at the end; conoidal bore, double reed; seven finger-holes in the front, a thumb-hole in the rear, two vent-holes on the sides.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Chanter length (without reed) 37 cm (14 9/16 in.)

    Medium

    Ebony, ivory, leather, cloth

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1931

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  • Bagpipe (highland pipes) and practice bagpipe ("goose")

    1896

    Peter Henderson, Scottish Scottish

    Description
    Details

    Dimensions

    Overall: 90 x 20 x 7.5 cm (35 7/16 x 7 7/8 x 2 15/16 in.)

    Medium

    Ebony, silver, ivory, calfskin, cloth

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    2009.5132.1-2

    Collections

    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Bagpipe (zampogna)

    early 19th century

    Description

    Two plain drones and two drones with finger-holes inserted in one large stock. The blow-pipe is attached to the second stock. The bores of all the pipes are conical. Two plain drones, short and long, made of walnut in two parts. Right-hand drone (short) of walnut made in two parts: the body-joint has five finger-holes in the front and two vent-holes on the sides and the bell has an additional vent-hole, the bell opening being narrower, as on the English horn; the body and the bell are held together by a rough screw thread. Left-hand drone (long) is also made in two principal parts, but the body-joint is made of three tubes permanently fastened together by broad iron rings; three finger-holes in the front, one key the mechanism of which is covered by a fontanelle with perforations; the bell has four vent-holes, a constricted bell opening as on the left

    Details

    Dimensions

    Drone lengths (without reeds) 28.5 cm, 59 cm, 75 cm, 127 cm (drone lengths without reeds 11 1/4 in., 23 1/4 in., 29 1/2 in., 50 in.)

    Medium

    Walnut, leather

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1937

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  • Bagpipe (uilleann pipes)

    about 1850

    Michel Egan, Irish, active 1845–1851 Irish

    Description

    Chanter, two drones, three regulators. Leather bag covered with plaid cotton. Three stocks. The bag is inflated by bellows embellished with a brass eagle marked with a figure '8.' Large stock, to which are attached drones and regulators, with a shut-off valve for drones. Short drone of ebony made in three parts with an elongated horn tip. Long drone of ebony in three parts: the redd-joint is folded twice, trumpet-wise; the middle joint almost completely enclosed in the brass tube, and the bell-joint of brass ending with a circular box of ivory with a vent-hole. Both drones are furnished with single beating reeds. Chanter of ebony, ivory tips; seven finger-holes in the front, one thumb-hole in the rear; seven square brass keys mounted on knobs. First treble regulator of ebony with ivory tip and closed end-cap into which is inserted the 'tunber,' a brass wire with an ivory ball; to this wire is fastened, inside the tube, a long piece of rush with the pulpy part uncovered; four brass keys (square) mounted on knobs. The lowest key has a long touch piece. Second treble regulator constructed similarly to the first one; five brass keys. Differential regulator of complicated construction; it is attached to the stock in two places and connected by passages with the air supply at both ends. The reed is fastened to a long separator, which is inserted in the tube in such a way as to divide the air column into two parts (see fig. 19, B). The differential regulator (fig. 19, A) is essentially a U-shaped tube consisting of the following parts: a brass tube attached to the stock by a tapered slide-plate joint and containing a separator, in which is inserted a reed covered by a long brass tube cap with a large molded ivory stopper; the body is of ebony with four brass keys; a U-shaped crook with three brass keys; a long tube with conoidal bore tapering toward the upper end. A small brass crook ('B') connects this rube to a cylindrical brass receptacle ('A') attached to the stock by a tapered slide-plate joint.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Chanter length (without reed) 44.7 cm (17 5/8 in.)

    Medium

    Ebony, oak, ivory, brass, leather

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1930

    Collections

    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Bagpipe (Northumbrian pipes)

    mid-19th century

    Probably by James Reid, English, 1813–1874 English

    Description

    Chanter and four drones. Leather bag covered with dark blue velvet. Three stocks, silver tips. Drones of ivory richly embellished with silver tips and long joint tubes of silver; inverted conoidal bores with very small taper and stopped at the ends; single reeds. Chanter of ebony, cylindrical bore, stopped at the lower end; seven fingerholes in the front, a thumbhole in the rear; seven silver keys mounted on knobs.
    Cocuswood chanter pipes with silver keys, ivory drone pipes with silver mounts; bag covered with cotton velveteen with pleated silk trim.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Chanter length (without reed) 27.8 cm (10 15/16 in.)

    Medium

    Ivory, cocuswood, silver, oak, leather, cloth

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1933

    Collections

    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Bagpipe (biniou)

    19th century

    Description

    Chanter and one drone. Leather bag covered with black velvet. Three stocks. The blow-pipe of ebony is tipped with ivory and inlaid with tin ornamentation. The drone of ebony is in three parts with flaring bell, tipped with brass rings and also inlaid with tin; cylindrical bore. The chanter of ebony; conoidal bore; seven finger-holes in the front, the lowest located to the left for the left little finger; two vent-holes on the sides.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Chanter length (without reed) 15.7 cm (6 3/16 in.)

    Medium

    Ebony, tin, ivory, brass, leather, cloth

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1934

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  • Bagpipe (lowland pipes)

    19th century

    Description

    Chanter and three drones. Leather bag covered with green woollen cloth, fringe on edges. Three stocks, silver tips. Drones of different lengths, conoidal bores of very small taper; silver and ivory tips. Chanter with cylindrical bore; seven finger-holes in the front, a thumb-hole in the rear.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Chanter length (without reed) 19.6 cm (7 11/16 in.)

    Medium

    Rosewood, ivory, silver, leather, cloth

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1932

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  • Bagpipe (cornemuse)

    probably late 19th century

    Marked by Paul Antoine Gaillard, French, 1832–1890 French

    Description

    Chanter and one drone, both with cylindrical bore. Leather bag with brocaded silk, gilt braid, and fringe. Two stocks of ivory. Ivory blow- pipe with a leather flap which serves as a stop-valve for air. The ivory cap serves as an air-chamber for the chanter and has an auxiliary cap for the drone connected with it; both inserted in one stock. A chanter with bell, both of ivory, seven holes in the front (the lowest one consists of two small holes for half-stopping), a thumb-hole in the rear. The drone has a small decorative bell.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Chanter length (without reed) 24.1 cm (9 1/2 in.)

    Medium

    Ivory, leather, cloth

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1935

    Collections

    Europe , Musical Instruments

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  • Bagpipe chanter

    18th century

    Description

    Made of ivory, with engraved silver mounting. Conoidal bore. The tube and the reed cap are of composite construction. Seven finger-holes in the front, a thumb-hole in the rear, two vent-holes on both sides.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 45.5 cm (17 15/16 in.)

    Medium

    Ivory, silver

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1915

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  • Hautbois de Poitou

    late 18th century

    Description

    In D. Boxwood, wax finish, with ivory tips. The reed cap is not original. The tube is made in three parts: the upper and middle body joints and the bell. The instrument is finely molded. Six finger-holes in the front, two of which (the third and the fourth) and double; a thumb-hole in the rear. Three square brass keys mounted on knobs (SATK, Young type A): C, D-sharp, and long C-sharp key actuated by the little finger of the left hand. Two vent-holes on the bell.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 58.7 cm (23 1/8 in.)

    Medium

    Boxwood, ivory, brass

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1917

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  • Hautbois de Poitou

    19th century

    Description

    In G. Keyless. Maple, stained light brown. The tube is made in two parts: the bodyjoint and the bell; the reed cap with mouthpiece. Six finger-holes in front and one hole that is not stopped by a finger; a thumb- hole in the rear; two vent-holes on the bell.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 39.5 cm (15 9/16 in.)

    Medium

    Maple

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1916

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  • Musette

    19th century

    Description

    In F. Conoidal bore. Rosewood, stained dark brown, ivory tips. Made in two parts: body and bell-joint. Seven finger-holes in the front; a thumb-hole in the rear; two vent-holes.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 36.5 cm (14 3/8 in.)

    Medium

    Rosewood, ivory

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1914

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  • Musette

    19th century

    Description

    In A. Ebony, ivory tips and ivory bell rim. Finely molded conical tube with a widely flaring bell. Made in two parts. Seven finger- holes in the front.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 34.5 cm (13 9/16 in.)

    Medium

    Ebony, ivory

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1898

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  • Hornpipe

    19th century

    Description

    Reed tube with five equally spaced finger-holes and a bell made of the tip of a cow's horn, in which a hole is cut for the insertion of the tube. The top of the tube has a round washer, which is inserted in a gourd forming the air-chamber (the gourd is lost). Single beating straw reed.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 25.5 cm (10 1/16 in.)

    Medium

    Cowhorn

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1887

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  • Hornpipe

    19th century

    Description

    Two parallel reed tubes with five equally spaced finger-holes on each, two horn bells, two reeds. The tubes are inserted in a circular piece of wood which is fitted into the air-chamber (lost).

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 25 cm (9 13/16 in.)

    Medium

    Wood, horn

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1888

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  • Capped reedpipe (pibgorn)

    19th century

    Description

    Cylindrical tube of walnut with six equally-spaced finger-holes in the front, a thumb-hole in the rear. The air-chamber is at the top. The bell has two lips of unequal length with serrated edges, both made of horn. Small single beating straw reed.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 44 cm (17 5/16 in.)

    Medium

    Walnut, horn

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1884

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  • Stock-and-horn

    late 19th century

    Description

    Double bore. Ebony tube flattened in the front and party flattened in the rear, embellished white bone tip and five inlaid bars and two diamond-shaped inlays; seven double finger-holes in the front, two thumb-holes in the rear. Cow-horn bell and wooden cap with mouthpiece. Two single beating straw reeds covered by the cap.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 57 cm (22 7/16 in.)

    Medium

    Ebony, cowhorn

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1885

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  • Foghorn

    19th century

    Description

    Conical tube of sheet steel with hemispherical bell and mouthcap covering a double reed of brass. Painted red.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 44.8 cm, bell diameter 13.9 cm (Length 17 5/8 in., bell diameter 5 1/2 in.)

    Medium

    Steel

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1929

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  • Whithorn

    19th century

    Description

    Rustic reed pipe. Conical tube formed of willow bark twisted when green and fastened together with white thorn prickers. A double reed of soft willow bark.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 37.5 cm, bell diameter 5.3 cm (Length 14 3/4 in., bell diameter 2 1/16 in.)

    Medium

    Willow bark

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1897

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  • Aulos (after ancient Greecian type)

    late 19th century

    Description

    Reed pipe allegedly similar to that used by the ancient Greeks. Cylindrical wooden tube with five finger-holes in the front and a thumb-hole in the rear.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length (including reed) 36.5 cm (14 3/8 in.)

    Medium

    Wood

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1895

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  • Alto crumhorn (after 17th-century type)

    possibly late 19th century

    Description

    Soprano in A. J-shaped tube of maple, covered with black leather. Reed cap (not original) with mouthpiece. Brass staple (or crook) for holding the double reed. Bore is cylindrical except at the end, where it flares slightly. Eight finger-holes (one of which is stopped with wax) and one vent-hole in the front, a thumb-hole in the rear.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 52 cm (20 1/2 in.)

    Medium

    Maple

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1891

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  • Alto crumhorn (after 17th-century type)

    late 19th century

    Probably by Francis William Galpin, English, 1858–1945 English

    Description

    In D. J-shaped tube of maple. Reed cap with mouthpiece. Brass staple for reed. Brass tips. Bore is cylindrical except at the end, where it flares slightly. Eight finger-holes (one of which is stopped with wax) and one vent-hole in the front, a thumb-hole in the rear.

    Details

    Dimensions

    Length 62 cm (24 7/16 in.)

    Medium

    Maple

    Classification

    Musical instruments , Aerophones

    Accession Number

    17.1892

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    Europe , Musical Instruments

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