Amarga presencia. (Bitter presence); Fatales consequencias de la sangrienta guerra en España con Buonaparte. Y otros caprichos enfaticos [Disasters of War], plate 13.

Drawn and etched about 1810–14
Francisco Goya y Lucientes (Spanish, 1746–1828)

Catalogue Raisonné

Harris 133, I, 2; Delteil 0132


Platemark: 14.3 x 16.9 cm (5 5/8 x 6 5/8 in.) Sheet: 22.2 x 31.3 cm (8 3/4 x 12 5/16 in.)

Accession Number


Medium or Technique

Etching, lavis, drypoint, burin, and burnisher; working proof

Not On View


Europe, Prints and Drawings



Warm black ink. No bevel.
Working proof, before numbers and letters, and before lavis burnished from plate edges (?) (H. I, 2).


Etched l.l., Goya; u.r. inside pm. in graphite, 13.




1863, sold by Valentín Carderera y Solano (b. 1796–d. 1880), Madrid, to Sir William Stirling Maxwell (b. 1818–d. 1878), Keir House, Scotland; 1878, by inheritance to his son, Brigadier General Archibald Stirling (b. 1867–d. 1931), Keir House; 1931, by inheritance to his son, Lieutenant Colonel William Joseph Stirling (b. 1911–d. 1983), Keir House; September 13, 1951, sold by William Joseph Stirling, through Colnaghi & Co. and Philip Hofer (b. 1898–d. 1984), Cambridge, MA, to the MFA. (Accession Date: September 13, 1951)

Credit Line

1951 Purchase Fund