Amstelodamum, No. 1
Sir Francis Seymour Haden (English, 1818–1910)
Harrington (1910) 43, Second; Drake 37; Schneiderman (1983) 41A, VI
Platemark: 9.9 × 11.8 cm (3 7/8 × 4 5/8 in.) Sheet: 12 × 13.8 cm (4 3/4 × 5 7/16 in.)
Medium or Technique
Not On View
Printed in black and red
Terminus or Terme was a Roman divinity thought to preside over landmarks (termini), which were held to be so sacred that it was considered a sacrilege to disturb or move them. His name was early associated with Jupiter, one of whose various attributes was reflected in the surname Jupiter Terminalis. Terminus was at first represented as a crude block of stone, later as a column surmounted by a human head.
This figure was adopted by Erasmus as a kind of personal symbol and appears in many of his early portraits. Translated into a kind of motto, “Terminus abides in this place,” becomes “that of whoever rests in the knowledge of having performed his duty within the full capacity of his powers,” (Burty, É, p. 34) - an appropriate tailpiece for the Études.
THE MFA’S IS STATE VI.
I (Da, 2 impressions; Ha). The plate of “Amsterdam” (No. 41) etched, printed, and divided so the upper part measures 100 x 119 mm. This section burnished and only the middle view remains. The lower right of the scene and the smoke on the left were also burnished out.
II (Hb). The inscription added “Amstelodamum” completed with etching. The other inscription “HIC”, etc., removed and relocated (E, c.r.) and “HIC TERMINUS HAERET” (E, l.r.). There is some foul-biting.
III. The scene above the inscription “Amstelodamum” completed with etching. The other inscription “HIC”, stc., removed and relocated (E, u.c.). The signature and date S. Haden 1863 (E, u.c.)
IV (Hc). Foul-biting covered much of the upper part of the plate when the scroll was added to the inscription “HIC”. etc.
V (D1, H1). Published as a tailpiece to the catalogue “Études à l’eau-forte”. The sky and the lines in the water added.
VI H2). Additional work in the water and the sky. Oblique lines shade most of the letters of “Amstelodamum”. THIS IS THE MFA’S.
Schneiderman (1983) p. 121.
In plate u.c. HIC TERMINUS HAERET. in a box with dimension added l.r. and a decoration hanging l.l.; l.r.of city the word Amstelodamus
In plate u.r. S Haden 1863
Henry F. Sewall, N.Y.; date acquired: October 21, 1897
Harvey D. Parker Collection—Harvey Drury Parker Fund