Aphrodite (Capitoline type)
2nd century A.D.
Place of Manufacture: Italy, Lazio
Sculpture in Stone (MFA), no. 166; Sculpture in Stone and Bronze (MFA), p. 111 (additional published references).
Overall (Figure with steel pallet base): 152.4 x 43.3 x 30.2 cm (60 x 17 1/16 x 11 7/8 in.) Mount (Steel pedestal): 15.2 x 57.2 x 55.9 cm (6 x 22 1/2 x 22 in.) Weight (With steel pallet base): 196.86 kg (434 lb.) Framed (Steel pedestal): 66 x 57.2 x 55.9 cm, 41.28 kg (26 x 22 1/2 x 22 in., 91 lb.) Other (Wooden skirt): 82.6 x 63.8 x 62.9 cm (32 1/2 x 25 1/8 x 24 3/4 in.)
Medium or Technique
Marble probably from the Greek island of Paros
Greek Archaic Gallery (Gallery 113)
The modern portions of the body have been removed, except for plaster filling some holes in the surface.
The statue was broken, restored, and then “de-restored,” and now includes the body, a part of the left upper arm, the left leg to below the knee, with a piece of the dolphin’s tail attached to it, and part of the right thigh.
Marble has been scientifically tested with X-Ray Diffraction and determined to be Calcitic.
Harvard Lab No. HI092: Isotope ratios - delta13C +1.80 / delta18O -3.66, Attribution - Probably Paros 2, Justification - white, coarse-grained marble.
This Aphrodite exists in many replicas the best known of which is in the Capitoline Museum in Rome. She is a derivative of Praxiteles’ Aphrodite of Knidos, the most famous female nude of antiquity. She covers her nakedness more fully than the Knidian Aphrodite and has a fuller figure and looser, longer hair. The Capitoline type has been variously dated within the Hellenistic period, either early, because of her resemblance to the Knidian, or in the second century because of her baroque voluptuousness.
By date unknown: from Gabii (according to Bernoulli, Aphrodite (1873), p. 230, no. 24); by 1845: in a collection in Rome; by 1873: in the Palazzo Valentini (according to Bernoulli); by date unknown: with Edward Perry Warren (according to Warren's records: Palazzo Valentini); 1899: purchased by MFA from Edward Perry Warren for $ 32,500.00 (this is the total price for MFA 99.338-99.542)
Henry Lillie Pierce Fund