Arhats Hva-sang, Gopaka and Pantaka with Two Guardian Kings Virudhaka and Dhritarashtra

19th century


190 x 76 cm (74 13/16 x 29 15/16 in.)

Accession Number


Medium or Technique

Distemper on cotton

Not On View





Painting in hanging scroll (thangka) format, with streamers, veil and decorative stitched borders.

Thangka showing three seated Arhats, two guardian kings (dharmapalas), and two primordial Buddhas (tathagatas). Main upper figures are the three Arhats: i. the pot-bellied Hva-sang grasping a rosary in his right hand and a fruit or sweetmeat with his left, ii. Gopaka, enthroned with two manuscripts in his hands, iii. Lam-bstan, seated on a rock, and also holding a manuscript in his right hand, while with his left he performs the gesture (mudra) of exposition (vyakhyanamudra). Above them are two Tathagatas, Vairocana (left) and Ratnasambhava (right). Below the Arhats are the dharma kings, Virudhaka and Dhritarashtra.

Obverse: small gold inscriptions identifying figures.


Gold Inscription for left Buddha reads "gSer-zangs dri-med la na no" in Tibetan.


1904, gift of the James Fund to the MFA. (Accession Date: January 14, 1904)

Credit Line

Julia Bradford Huntington James Fund