Bark loincloth (pongo)

African (Mbuti peoples)

Object Place: Democratic Republic of the Congo


Length and width: 13 in., 67.3 cm (13 x 26 1/2 in.)

Accession Number


Medium or Technique

Beaten bark with vegetal pigment

Not On View


Africa and Oceania, Textiles and Fashion Arts



Abstract design of thick curved lines with shaded in areas on a beige ground.

The Mbuti live in the Ituri rainforest of the northeastern Congo, and are among the last hunter-gatherer nomadic cultures in the world. To make a ceremonial loincloth, called pongo, men collect the inner layer of tree bark and pound it until it is thin and pliable. Women make pigments and paint the cloth, creating drawings that often evoke the forest landscape. The loincloths are worn during rites of passage, including weddings, funerals, initiations into adulthood, and ritual dances. In the twentieth century, the abstract and improvisational character of the drawings and their complex asymmetrical patterns made such loincloths a favorite of European and American collectors, who saw parallels with modern movements in Western art.


About 1930, collected by Mr. Buscahot of Belgium in the Congo; 1989 purchased by Tai Textile Gallery, Santa Fe, New Mexico and Pierre Loos, Brussels, Belgium; Purchased by MFA March 21, 2007

Credit Line

Museum purchase with funds donated by Robert and Jane Burke, Suzanne W. and Alan J. Dworsky, Jeremy and Hanne Grantham, and funds from the Textile Curator's Fund and Textile Deaccession Fund