Middle Kingdom(?)

Findspot: Nubia (Sudan), Semna, S548


Overall: 26 cm (10 1/4 in.)

Accession Number


Medium or Technique

Carnelian, quartz crystal, obsidian

Not On View


Africa and Oceania, Jewelry, The Ancient World



This is a string of 59 miscellaneous carnelian and other beads with amulets of carnelian, and a quartz crystal pendant. These beads are composed of the following field numbers:
24-3-69b= 1 barrel obsidian
24-3-69c=1 ball obsidian
24-3-69d= 4 ball carnelian
24-3-69e= 5 barrel carnelian
24-3-69f= 1 cylinder
24-3-69g= 3 discs tiny
24-3-69h= 7 ‘doughnut’ beads
24-3-69i= 7 ball beads
24-3-69j= 1 crystal pendant
24-3-69k= 1 hawk bead carnelian
24-3-69l= 1 lion head pendant bead
24-3-69m= 1 wedjat bead
24-3-69n= 1 uraeus bead
24-3-70g= 6 ball beads carnelian
24-3-70h= 2’doughnut’ beads carnelian
24-3-70i= 4 disc carnelian
24-3-70j= 1 barrel carnelian
In addition, there are 12 tiny carnelian ball beads that are included but not part of the above field numbers. They must derive from another, as yet unknown, field number. This gives the total number of beads as 59.


From Semna: S 548. Mar. 2, 1924:Excavated by the Harvard University-Museum of Fine Arts Expedition; assigned to the MFA by the government of Sudan.

Credit Line

Harvard University—Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition