German (Berlin)
about 1725–35
Probably workshop of Pierre Fromery (German (Berlin), died in 1738)

Object Place: Europe, Berlin, Germany


14.6 x 9.9 x 12.1 cm (5 3/4 x 3 7/8 x 4 3/4 in.)

Accession Number


Medium or Technique

Metal, enameled copper with polychrome decoration and gold; mercury-gilded copper mounts

On View

Angelica Lloyd Russell Gallery (Gallery 142)





The candlesticks are of shaped hexagonal form. Each is constructed of three pieces of copper, which have been enameled in white on the exterior and in blue on the interior and the underside of the base. The sections are joined by two mercury gilded copper mounts. The deep socket has a slightly extended lip with small sprays of flowers in raised gold and polychrome painting. On each of the flat sides of the socket are raised gold portraits of two men, one bearded, within purple ovals. Beneath the portraits are green branches tied with purple ribbons. At one shaped, curved end is a raised gold depiction of Hercules with a shield and a club, and at the other end, Apollo seated holding a lyre, by a column with the three Muses (or Graces); the figures are on green grounds, flanked by tall flowering branches with raised gold flowers. The stem is of elongated, hexagonal shape with a protruding shoulder and tapered sides. On the sides of the shoulders are brown and yellow buildings on a green ground with trees, among which are raised gold trees and buildings. One end shows a raised gold figure of a winged putto carrying a watering can and walking toward a small tree in which a bird sits. The other end depicts Leda and the swan, also in raised gold. Both scenes are framed by painted trees and branches on a green ground. One side of the stem has a raised gold figure of Ceres seated on a purple throne beneath a purple swag supported by small gold grotesque and lion masks and a painted branch with gold flowers. Beneath Ceres are a gold tree and a group of gold and painted buildings on a green ground. On the other side stand raised gold figures of Mars and Venus, also framed by motifs similar to those surrounding the figure of Ceres. The ends bear raised gold profile portraits of men in the classical style, one wearing a laurel wreath, the other a decorative helmet. They are framed by elaborate blue, purple, green, and gold baroque strapwork. Beneath the portraits are baskets of flowers in raised gold surrounded by painted flowers. The foot is richly decorated with raised gold figures. Around the base of the stem, clockwise from the front, are Hercules with a shield and club, Mars and Venus, Perseus with the head of a Gorgon by a flaming altar, Apollo seated with a lyre by a column with the three Muses (or Graces), an enthroned figure of a winged man, possibly Jupiter, and Athena in armor. The figures stand on alternating green and yellow and red grounds. Painted branches bear raised gold tulips and sunflower-like blossoms. Profile portraits of two men in the classical style, one bearded, both facing the stem, are placed to the right and left of the base of the stem. They are surrounded by painted strapwork with gold tulips. Around the outer edge of the foot are alternating, raised gold, profile portraits of a draped goddess and a warrior goddess with a crayfish on the side of her helmet. The portraits are set against painted, diamond-shaped trelliswork in the four indented areas on the outer edge of the foot. The short sides and ends are painted with brown and yellow buildings between which are suspended raised gold and painted floral swags.

These candlesticks were probably part of a lady’s toilet service like the one shown on the opposite side of this gallery. The gold reliefs on the sockets, stems, and bases were made from molds of German coins and medals, and were a specialty of enamel artists in Berlin.

Credit Line

Gift of Rita and Frits Markus