Canopic jar

Napatan Period, reign of Senkamanisken
643–623 B.C.

Findspot: Nubia (Sudan), Nuri, Pyramid III (Senkamanisken), Room A


Height: 31.1 cm (12 1/4 in.)

Accession Number


Medium or Technique

Travertine (Egyptian alabaster)

Not On View


The Ancient World


Canopics and canopic boxes

This canopic jar has been carved of travertine (Egyptian alabaster) and inscribed with three columns of incised hieroglyphic text. No lid is included, though the excavator of this jar suggested that one in the shape of a baboon head, found nearby, was its partner (the baboon representing Hapy, one of the Four Sons of Horus, protectors of the viscera of the deceased, and a minor deity mentioned in this jar’s inscription). The jar had broken in five fragments, but has been mended with some small chips missing.

The text reads:
“Spoken by Nephthys: ‘[I] conceal the
secret and protect
Hapy, who is herein’ ”

For another jar from the same set see object 23.743.


From Nuri, pyramid 3 (tomb of Senkamanisken). 1919: excavated by the Harvard University–Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition; assigned to the MFA in the division of finds by the government of Sudan; 1923: received by the MFA.
(Accession Date: 1923)

Credit Line

Harvard University—Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition