Canopic jar (Hapy) of Horemakhet

Late Period, Dynasty 25–30
664–332 B.C.

Findspot: Egypt, Giza


Height (jar): 22 cm (8 11/16 in.) Height (lid): 7.6 cm (3 in.)

Accession Number


Medium or Technique

Travertine (Egyptian alabaster)

Not On View


The Ancient World


Canopics and canopic boxes

This canopic jar and lid are part of a complete set (4). They are carved of yellow to white travertine (Egyptian alabaster) with generally horizontal white veining. The sides of the jar are slightly convex, and the overall shape is narrower and less flaring than the other jars of the set to which it belongs. There are no formal shoulders. The lid is shaped as the head of a baboon, which customarily represents Hapy, one of the Four Sons of Horus, protectors of the viscera of the deceased. It’s facial features are not extensively modeled. On the front of the jar is an incised hieroglyphic text arranged in four columns within a rectangular register. The jar’s interior contains the dried residue of unguents.

The text reads:
“Spoken by Isis: ‘I burn the enemy and protect
Imsety, who is herein. The one who protects the Osiris
Horemakhet, True-of-Voice, born of Hebedru,
True-of-Voice, is Imsety.’”

The whole set to which this jar belongs is comprised of object numbers 29.1133a-b to 29.1136a-b.

Note: A jar with an inscription that mentions Imsety would often be expected to partner with a lid in the shape of a human head, which is preseved with this set but has been associated rather with another jar (29.1133a-b). This may be the result of ancient confusion or an incorrect joining of lids and jars in modern times.


From Giza, G 7524 A. 1929: excavated by the Harvard University–Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition; assigned to the MFA in the division of finds by the government of Egypt.
(Accession Date: April 1, 1929)

Credit Line

Harvard University—Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition