Drinking cup (kylix)

Greek
Archaic Period
about 510–500 B.C.


Place of Manufacture: Greece, Attica, Athens

Dimensions

Overall: 11.5 x 35 cm (4 1/2 x 13 3/4 in.)

Accession Number

89.270

Medium or Technique

Ceramic, Red Figure

On View

Gallery 212A-B

Collections

Europe, The Ancient World

Classifications

Vessels

This hoplite is nude accept for an Athenian helmet, a shield and a spear. He looks backwards as he runs towards the right within the tondo. This has led some to believe that this warrior is in flight from the enemy, and a similar nude figure flees two clothed hoplites in Corinthian helmets on the exterior of the cup. The bowl shape of the shield allowed it to be wielded like this: Resting on the shoulder and pushed outwards at an angle towards the enemy. This stance is attested in other vases and it aligns with the hypothesis that hoplites stood sideways in the phalanx, so that their shield covered their body fully.

Exterior side A: Three warriors striding to left.
Exterior side B: Two satyrs and a mule.

Provenance

By 1889: with Rodolfo Lanciani (purchased from Sig. Marinangeli, Rome and said to come from Cervetri); purchased by MFA from R. Lanciani, 1889

Credit Line

Museum purchase with funds donated by contribution