Drinking cup (kylix)

Archaic Period
about 510–500 B.C.

Place of Manufacture: Greece, Attica, Athens


Overall: 11.5 x 35 cm (4 1/2 x 13 3/4 in.)

Accession Number


Medium or Technique

Ceramic, Red Figure

On View

Daily Life in Ancient Greece Gallery (Gallery 212A-B)


Europe, The Ancient World



This hoplite is nude accept for an Athenian helmet, a shield and a spear. He looks backwards as he runs towards the right within the tondo. This has led some to believe that this warrior is in flight from the enemy, and a similar nude figure flees two clothed hoplites in Corinthian helmets on the exterior of the cup. The bowl shape of the shield allowed it to be wielded like this: Resting on the shoulder and pushed outwards at an angle towards the enemy. This stance is attested in other vases and it aligns with the hypothesis that hoplites stood sideways in the phalanx, so that their shield covered their body fully.

Exterior side A: Three warriors striding to left.
Exterior side B: Two satyrs and a mule.


By 1889: with Rodolfo Lanciani (purchased from Sig. Marinangeli, Rome and said to come from Cervetri); purchased by MFA from R. Lanciani, 1889

Credit Line

Museum purchase with funds donated by contribution