Drinking cup (skyphos) with the departure and recovery of Helen

Greek
Late Archaic Period
about 490 B.C.
Painter Makron, Potter Hieron


Place of Manufacture: Greece, Attica, Athens

Catalogue Raisonné

Caskey-Beazley, Attic Vase Paintings (MFA), no. 140; Highlights: Classical Art (MFA), p. 061.

Dimensions

Height: 21.5 cm (8 7/16 in.); diameter: 39 cm (15 3/8 in.); diameter of mouth: 27.8 cm (10 15/16 in.)

Accession Number

13.186

Medium or Technique

Ceramic, Red Figure

On View

Krupp Gallery (Gallery 215A)

Collections

The Ancient World

Classifications

Vessels

Side A: Paris (named Alexandros here) is leading Helen away from Sparta and the Palace of Menelaos. Aeneas, with a lion shield, accompanies Paris. Aphrodite and Eros flank Helen. Peitho, the personification of persuasion, follows behind Aphrodite. The boy under the handle is thought to be Helen’s son by Menelaos.

Side B: During the sack of Troy. Helen fleeing to the Sanctuary of Apollo. Menelaos, at the right, sees Helen and draws his sword to kill her. Aphrodite is behind Helen, present as an intervening force. Menelaos is in the act of dropping his sword, overcome by Helen’s beauty. The priest of the sanctuary, Chryses, and his daughter, Chryseis are also present (at far left). Priam is seated under handle at the right, watching the story unfold.

Painted inscriptions: “Aineas”; “Alexandros”; “Aphrodite” (twice); “Priam”; “Helen” (twice); “Kriseis”; “Kriseus”; “Menelaos”

Scratched on handle: “Hieron made (it)” (HIERON EPOIESEN)
Painted under the opposite handle: “Makron drew (it)” (MAKRON EGRAPHSEN)

The size of this vessel suggests it was made for display, rather than use, and like huge kylikes (parade cups) of the same period which could not have been used for drinking.

Inscription

Inscriptions: "Aineas"; "Alexandros"; "Aphrodite" (twice); "Priam"; "Helen" (twice); "Kriseis"; "Kriseus"; "Menelaos", "Hieron "made [it] (HIERON EPOIESEN), "Makron painted [it]" (MAKRON EGRAPHSEN)

Signed

Scratched on handle: "Hieron made (it)" (HIERON EPOIESEN)
Painted under the opposite handle: "Makron drew (it)" (MAKRON EGRAPHSEN)

Provenance

1879: Marchese Marcello Spinelli Collection (according to F. von Duhn, Bullettino, 1879, and Caskey-Beazley III, no. 140, the vase was found leaning beside a tomb on March 22, 1879 during Marchese Marcello Spinelli's excavations in the cemetery of Suessula); by 1912: with Edward Perry Warren; purchased by MFA from Edward Perry Warren, January 2, 1913, for $18,948.70 (this figure is the total price for MFA 13.186-13.245)

Credit Line

Francis Bartlett Donation of 1912