El sueño de la razon produce monstruos. (The sleep [or "dream"] of reason produces monsters); Caprichos 43

The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters (El sueño de la razon produce monstruos.)
The Dream of Reason Produces Monsters

Francisco Goya y Lucientes (Spanish, 1746–1828)

Catalogue Raisonné

Harris 078, I, 2; Delteil 080: Gassier & Wilson 536


Platemark: 21.8 x 15.2 cm (8 9/16 x 6 in.) Sheet: 29.2 x 20.5 cm (11 1/2 x 8 1/16 in.)

Accession Number


Medium or Technique

Etching and aquatint with burnishing, faint drypoint to indicate letters, on laid paper (working proof)

Not On View


Europe, Prints and Drawings



Working proof, before number and before additional etching of bats (H. 78, I, 2).


In stop-out on desk : el sueño / de la razon / produce / monstruos.
Later inscriptions: u.l. in graphite: 43.


? Ricardo de los Rios (b. 1846–d. 1929), Paris. ? 1930 Philip Hofer (b. 1898–d. 1984), NY; Philip Hofer and his wife, Frances L. Hofer (b. 1908–d. 1978), Cambridge, MA; 1974, sold by Mr. and Mrs. Hofer, through Robert M. Light (dealer), Boston, to the MFA.(Accession Date: June 12, 1974)

Credit Line

Museum purchase with funds donated by Mr. and Mrs. Burton S. Stern, Mr. and Mrs. Bernard S. Shapiro, and the M. and M. Karolik Fund