Fruit basket

American China Manufactory ((active 1770–1772) of Gousse Bonnin (about 1741–1780) and George Anthony Morris (1742/5–1773))

Object Place: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania


Other: 6.8 x 17.5 cm (2 11/16 x 6 7/8 in.)

Accession Number


Medium or Technique

Soft-paste porcelain, underglaze blue decoration

On View

Regional Styles in Middle Colonies Gallery (Gallery 134)





The American China Manufactory was the first and only financially successful porcelain factory in the colonies. Opened in Philadelphia with great public fanfare and patriotic sentiment, the factory produced its first wares in late 1770. However, although its porcelain adorned the most fashionable tables, the business venture failed in less than two years. The factory could not compete with the flood of cheap imports that continued to enter American ports-regardless of the patriotic support espoused (but perhaps not practiced) by many.


Handwritten on white label with red border: “Handed down, from Grandmother Gardiner’s family Presumably from the Whitehead family--”


Daniel Whitehead (1751-1792); to Thomas Willett Whitehead (1790-1871); to Annie Whitehead (married Horace G. Richards); to their children, Horace Gordon Richards and Marie Richards; purchased by MFA, 1977.

Credit Line

Frederick Brown Fund