Funerary cone of Merymose
New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, reign of Amenhotep III
Object Place: Egypt, Thebes (Qurnet Murai), Possibly tomb 383
Davies & MacAdam 170
Length: 16.3 cm (6 7/16 in.)
Medium or Technique
Not On View
Funerary cone of reddish clay with stamped impression of three divided columns of hieroglyphs identifying the owner as “One honored by / Osiris, Viceroy (i.e. King’s Son) of Kush / Merymose” (imAxy xr / Wsir sA-nsw KS / Mry-Ms).
Cones such as this, placed above the entrance to the mud-brick superstructure of the tomb, represented the ends of beams supporting the roof. This cone is stamped with the name and title of Merymose, as well as the name of the pharaoh under whom he served, in three vertical bands of raised hieroglyphs.
Funerary cones were components of a frieze, inserted above the doors of private tombs, particularly in the Theban region. They have been variously interpreted as: name-plates of sorts to identify the tomb owner, decorative memorials, boundary markers for a tomb, dummy bread loaves or meat offerings, symbolic roof beams, or (for the visible circular head) depictions of the sun disk.
Davies and Macadam, A Corpus of Inscribed Egyptian Funerary Cones (1957), type #170.
Probably from Thebes (Qurnet Murai), possibly tomb 383. By 1836: Robert Hay Collection, Linplum, Scotland; 1863: to his son, Robert James Alexander Hay; 1868-1872: Way Collection, Boston (purchased by Samuel A. Way through London dealers Rollin and Feuardent, 27 Haymarket); 1872: given to the MFA by Samuel's son, C. Granville Way.
(Accession date: June 27, 1872)
Hay Collection—Gift of C. Granville Way