Horn protector

Early Kerma
about 2400–1550 B.C.

Findspot: Nubia (Sudan), Kerma, K1061:27


Height x diameter: 4.4 x 3.7 cm (1 3/4 x 1 7/16 in.)

Accession Number


Medium or Technique

Ivory, organic remains

Not On View


The Ancient World



This is one of two horn protectors found together (Su988; see also abject 13.4164). It is cylindrical with concave sides and is comprised of two fitted halves. Copper rivets have been applied to the sides. There are small, superficial cracks in some surfaces. Degraded brown organic remnants (possibly horn) remain in the interior. Possibly repaired in ancient times.

Such items were placed over the tips of animal horns (especially those of rams) to protect people from injury.


From Kerma, K1061:27. 1913: excavated by the Harvard University–Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition; assigned to the MFA in the division of finds by the government of Sudan.
(Accession Date: December 4, 1913)

Credit Line

Harvard University—Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition