How Daily Economies Add Up over a Year (Hibi ken'yaku ichinen no tsumidaka): Daikoku, Ebisu, and Money Tree

「日々倹約一年の積高(ひびけんやくいちねんのつみだか)」 大黒、恵比寿、金のなる気

Edo period
1843–47 (Tenpô 14–Kôka 4)
Artist Utagawa Kunimori II (Japanese, active about 1840–60), Publisher Tsujiya Yasubei (Japanese)


Vertical ôban; 36 x 25.5 cm (14 3/16 x 10 1/16 in.)

Accession Number


Medium or Technique

Woodblock print (nishiki-e); ink and color on paper

Not On View


Asia, Prints and Drawings



In ukiyo-e prints, a money tree (kane no naru ki) is a good-luck symbol consisting of a tree with coins for leaves, and a trunk and branches made up of characters that spell out auspicious phrases all ending in the syllable “ki,” a pun on “tree.” Daikoku and Ebisu, the gods of prosperity (associated with rice and fish respectively) are usually shown beneath the tree.
In modern Japanese, the expression “money tree” (kane no naru ki) can refer either to an actual houseplant with coin-shaped leaves; or it can be a slang expression for a highly profitable business venture, corresponding to the English “cash cow.”


Ippôsai Kunimori ga


Censor's seal: Watari
No blockcutter's mark


By 1911, purchased by William Sturgis Bigelow (b. 1850–d. 1926), Boston [see note 1]; 1911, gift of Bigelow to the MFA. (Accession Date: January 19, 2005)

[1] Much of Bigelow's collection of Asian art was formed during his residence in Japan between 1882 and 1889, although he also made acquisitions in Europe and the United States. Bigelow deposited many of these objects at the MFA in 1890 before donating them to the Museum's collection at later dates.

Credit Line

William Sturgis Bigelow Collection