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Human bones

Napatan Period, reign of Piankhy (Piye)
743–712 B.C.

Findspot: Nubia (Sudan), el-Kurru, Grave 55

Accession Number


Medium or Technique


Not On View


The Ancient World


Organic remains

Numerous fragments of human skull and other bones:

Bag 1: Highly fragmentary remains of miscellaneous long and cranial bones. Unidentifiable.

Bag 2: Four human lumbar vertebrae with sacrum. Sacral vertebrae 1 and 2 are unfused (~18). Right distal femur, tibia, and patella. Four fragments of human mandible with one partial tooth in occlusion. Three miscellaneous vertebrae fragments. Three pelvic fragments, one of ilium with partial sciatic notch present. One left temporal bone (no pathologies).

Bag 3: Larger fragments of long and cranial bone including fragments of left and right femora, distal fragments of ulnae and radii.

Bag 4: Large cranial fragments with remodeled Porotic hyperostosis (PH), fifty fragments in total (possibly two individuals). Slight to moderate PH (anemia).

Bag 5: Three individuals; one right parietal with a possible traumatic depression near lambda, one partial right parietal bone with no pathologies, one right parietal bone with pathologic lesions (possible form of mycosis), three other pathologic vault pieces (probable active anemia), miscellaneous other vault fragments.

Bag 6: Bone dust and dirt sample.


From el-Kurru, Ku. 55. 1919: excavated by the Harvard University–Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition; assigned to the MFA in the division of finds by the government of Sudan.

(Accession date: January 7, 2005)

Credit Line

Harvard University—Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition