Infanta Maria Theresa
Workshop of Diego Rodríguez de Silva y Velázquez (Spanish, 1599–1660)
128.6 x 100.6 cm (50 5/8 x 39 5/8 in.)
Medium or Technique
Oil on canvas
William I. Koch Gallery (Gallery 250)
This painting is probably one of three portraits sent to potential suitors of Maria Theresa, the daughter of Spain’s King Philip IV and ultimately the wife of Louis XIV of France. In portraying the royal family, Velázquez generally painted a bust-length portrait from life, which he and his assistants would use as a model in creating full-length versions. The freshness of the colors and brushwork in this painting stress the desirability of the fifteen-year-old princess, and suggest that Velázquez was closely associated with its production.
1653, probably Leopold William (b. 1614 - d. 1662), Archduke of Austria, Brussels and Vienna [see note 1]; 1662, probably by inheritance to Leopold I (b. 1640 - d. 1705), Holy Roman Emperor, Vienna; passed into the Imperial Art Collection, Vienna, which became the Kunsthistorisches Museum (inv. no. 618); 1921, exchanged by the Kunsthistorisches Museum with Hans von Pereira-Arnstein, Vienna; 1921, sold by Pereira-Arnstein to the MFA for $40,000. (Accession Date: December 13, 1921)
 Maria Theresa (b. 1638 - d. 1683) was the daughter of King Philip IV of Spain, to whom Velázquez was the court painter. The king commissioned three portraits of his daughter to be sent to potential suitors. On December 17, 1653, Giacomo Querini, minster of the Venetian Republic at Madrid, reported that portraits of the princess had already been sent to Emperor Ferdinand III in Vienna and Archduke Leopold William in Brussels. It is generally accepted that the MFA portrait was the one sent to Archduke Leopold and that the portrait of Maria Theresa at the Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, was the one sent to Emperor Ferdinand. See Heinrich Zimmerman, "Zur Ikonographie des Hauses Habsburg," Jahrbuch der kunsthistorischen Sammlungen des allerhöchsten Kaiserhauses 25, no. 4 (1905): 185-190 and Walter W. S. Cook, "Spanish and French Paintings in the Lehman Collection," Art Bulletin 7 (1924): 57-59. A third portrait was sent to Louis XIV, whom the Infanta married in 1660; this is at the Musée du Louvre, Paris.
Gift of Charlotte Nichols Greene in memory of her father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Howard Nichols