Inscribed ostracon

New Kingdom, Dynasty 19
1295–1186 B.C.


Height x width: 17.5 x 13 cm (6 7/8 x 5 1/8 in.)

Accession Number


Medium or Technique


Not On View


The Ancient World



Limestone ostracon with several brief inscriptions oriented variously; on the recto: two central, vertical lines of hieroglyphic text; to their left are three horizontal lines of hieroglyphic text reading left to right, and to their right are four lines of hieroglyphic text reading right to left; on the verso: at right, four vertical lines of hieroghyphic text with lost beginning; at left twelve lines of hieratic text written in upside-down with repsect to the hieroglyphs at right. The vertical inscription on the recto is an offering formula requesting of the deities Mut & Khonsu: “that they may give everlastingness as King of the Two Lands, eternity as a ruler, and joy” to King [Ramesses-] Siptah. The two other recto inscriptions, as well as the hieroglyphic text on the verso, mention a well-known vizier named Hori, another vizier named Pakhaemwaset, and the herdsman of the latter; the verso hieratic texts appears to note the duration of stay of the Medjay-police. Likely a “monumental ostracon,” i.e. functioned as a stele (with hieratic note added later).


By 1909: purchased in Luxor, Egypt by Joseph Lindon Smith; 1909: on loan to the MFA; 1911: purchased by the MFA through funds provided by Mary S. Ames.
(Accession date: August 3, 1911)

Credit Line

Gift of Miss Mary S. Ames