Italian Landscape with Bathers
Pierre Henri de Valenciennes (French, 1750–1819)
54 x 81.6 cm (21 1/4 x 32 1/8 in.)
Medium or Technique
Oil on canvas
Not On View
Born in Toulouse, Valenciennes lived and worked in Rome from 1777 to 1784, and he brought back to Paris sketchbooks and oil sketches that would provide the raw material for many later landscape compositions. He sought to raise landscape painting to the respected level of history painting— the depiction of events from mythology, ancient history, or the Bible. Here, the bathers pose like antique sculptures, evoking an idyllic Roman past.
Lower left: P de Valenciennes. 1790
1791, possibly private collection, France [see note 1]. November 26, 1975, anonymous sale, Palais Galliéra, Paris, lot 28. By 1978, Herman Shickman Gallery, New York; 1978, sold by Shickman Gallery to John Goelet, New York; 1980, year-end gift of John Goelet to the MFA. (Accession Date: January 14, 1981)
 Possibly the painting by Valenciennes described as "View of Italy, with Young Women Bathing" (Vue d'Italie, avec de jeunes Filles qui se baignent), measuring 58 by 86 cm. (1 pied, 11 pouces; 2 pieds, 10 pouces), exhibited at the Paris Salon in 1791 and lent by Mme. ... (name withheld). See "Explication des Peintures, Sculptures, et Gravures de Messieurs de l'Academie Royale" (Paris, 1791), pp. 26-27, no. 132.
Gift of John Goelet