Lower body wrapper (Pha nung; pha toi; pha chong kaben)

Indian (made for the Royal Siamese Court)
Princely states under British rule
mid-19th century

Object Place: Thailand (Siam)


297 x 103 cm (116 15/16 x 40 9/16 in.)

Accession Number


Medium or Technique

Silk, gold metallic paper wrapped thread; satin weave ground, discontinuous supplementary weft

Not On View


Asia, Textiles and Fashion Arts



Dark red satin ground covered with an all over design of rosettes and curling leaves created by supplementary weft gold metallic paper wrapped threads; deep triple border on two short ends of stylized plant and tree forms, narrower triple border of two long sides of narrow bands both vertical and horizontal separating borders, supplementary weft motifs in gold metallic and dark green threads.

This textile was woven in India for the Royal Siamese Court. It is a rectangular piece of cloth that was wrapped around the waist, passed between the legs and tucked in at the back, or front, to form a pantaloon. The pha nung was commonly worn by both men and women up until the turn of the nineteenth century.

Credit Line

Gift of Mrs. Eldon R. James