Lower body wrapper (pha nung; pha toi; pha chong kaben)

Siamese (Thai)
Chakri dynasty (1800–1932)
late 19th century

Object Place: Thailand (Siam)


Height x width: 131 x 38 1/2 in. (332.7 x 97.8 cm)

Accession Number


Medium or Technique

Silk, gold metallic paper-wrapped thread; plain weave ground, discontinuous supplementary weft, yarn-resist dyed (mat mii, ikat)

Not On View


Asia, Textiles and Fashion Arts



Red silk ground cloth covered with minute, closely spaced supplementary thread gold rosettes, multiple borders on both short ends and long sides of highly stylized plant and flower forms combined with geometric motifs with supplementary gold thread; both horizontal and vertical borders have multi-colored stripes including orange, purple, and green; stripes were created by tie-dyeing both warps and wefts prior to weaving; many small holes, some patched.

This type of floral patten is called “dok pikul.” This rectangular textile is worn wrapped around the waist, passed between the legs and tucked in at the back, or front, to form a pantaloon. The pha nung was commonly worn by both men and women until the turn of the nineteenth century.

Credit Line

Gift of Mrs. Eldon R. James