Lower body wrapper (pha nung, pha toi, pha chong kaben)

Siamese (Thai)
Chakri dynasty (1800–1932)
about 1850

Object Place: Thailand (Siam)

Accession Number


Medium or Technique

Silk, gold metallic thread; plain weave ground, discontinuous supplementary weft (mat mii, ikat)

Not On View


Asia, Textiles and Fashion Arts



Red silk ground cloth with gold small-scale supplementary weft lozenge repeat enclosing stylized blossom and leaves; multiple borders on all four sides of highly stylized plant forms, floral motifs in geometric designs with gold and red, purple, and green supplementary silk threads; weft yarns tie-dyed before weaving to form border stripes; fragile, many worn places, holes and breaks, cracked almost entire way around center horizontal fold.

The pattern is called “tepanom.” This rectangular textile is worn wrapped around the waist, passed between the legs and tucked in at the back, or front, to form a pantaloon. The pha nung was commonly worn by both men and women up until the turn of the nineteenth century.

Credit Line

Gift of Mrs. Eldon R. James