Lower body wrapper (pha nung; pha toi; pha chong kaben)

Chakri dynasty (1800–1932)
about 1870

Object Place: Thailand (Siam)

Accession Number


Medium or Technique

Silk, gold metallic paper-wrapped thread; plain weave ground, discontinuous supplementary weft, yarn resist-dyed, (mat mii, ikat)

Not On View


Asia, Textiles and Fashion Arts



Dark red silk cloth with minute closely spaced solid lozenge design with supplementary gold wrapped thread; multiple borders on all four sides of stripes in different colors with variety of stylized plant, tree, and geometric forms with gold wrapped and silk supplementary threads; both warps and wefts tie-dyed before weaving to achieve different colors in stripes of borders; a few very small holes and stains.

This textile was made for the Royal Siamese Court and the official pattern name is “klet pimsen.” This rectangular piece of cloth is worn wrapped around the waist, passed between the legs and tucked in at the back, or front, to form a pantaloon. The pha nung was commonly worn by both men and women up until the turn of the nineteenth century.

Credit Line

Gift of Mrs. Eldon R. James