Opening of the Mouth cup

Old Kingdom, Dynasty 4, reign of Khufu
2551–2528 B.C.

Object Place: Egypt, Giza, Menkaure Valley Temple; Findspot: Egypt, Giza


Height x diameter: 4.2 x 4.3 cm (1 5/8 x 1 11/16 in.)

Accession Number


Medium or Technique

Quartz crystal

Out on Loan

On display at Houston Museum of Natural Science, TX, May 17, 2013 – June 30, 2018


The Ancient World


Religious and cult objects

Cracked conical cup with a small nick out of the upper rim and spots of yellow-brown on the side and base. This ritual cup was used in the “opening of the mouth” ceremony performed on the statues of Menkaura in his valley temple.


From Giza, Menkaura Valley Temple. 1910: excavated by the Harvard University-Museum of Fine Arts Expedition; 1911: assigned to the MFA by the Egyptian government.

Credit Line

Harvard University—Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition