Portrait head of the Emperor Marcus Aurelius

Roman
Imperial Period, Antonine
about A.D. 170


Catalogue Raisonné

Sculpture in Stone (MFA), no. 365; Sculpture in Stone and Bronze (MFA), p. 115 (additional published references).

Dimensions

Height: 37 cm (14 9/16 in.)

Accession Number

1971.93

Medium or Technique

Marble, Dolomitic from the Greek island of Thasos

Not On View

Collections

The Ancient World

Classifications

Sculpture

The nose is missing, and the left side of the head shows major damage to the original marble surface. A major part of the left eye, the mouth, the beard at the chin, and much of the rest of the left side of the face has been turned into calcium sulfate (gypsum). A large rectangular hole, for supporting the figure, appears in the back of the head. The undamaged surfaces have areas of light brown to yellow patina or staining.
The traces on the shoulder and behind the neck indicate that this portrait came from a bust draped in a cloak or tunic, or from a togate statue. The latter might be more likely the case, for a hole drilled in the back of the head above the nape of the neck at the time of carving in antiquity suggests a fixture for securing a statue to the niche of a basilica, a theater facade, or similar public architectural setting.

Scientific Analysis:
Marble has been scientifically tested with X-Ray Fluorescence and determined to be Dolomitic.
Harvard Lab No. HI368b: Isotope ratios - delta13C +2.50 / delta18O -6.44, Attribution - Thasos-Cape Vathy, Justification - Dolomitic by EM.

Provenance

1907: acquired in Rome by Mr. Laurent's father; by 1971: Mr. and Mrs. John Laurent Collection; gift of Mr. and Mrs. John Laurent to MFA, March 10, 1971

Credit Line

Gift of Mr. and Mrs. John Laurent