Praudha Adhira Nayika (The Mature Heroine Without Self-Control)

Indian, Pahari
1694 or 1695
Attributed to Devidasa (active about 1680–1720)

Object Place: Basohli or Nurpur, Punjab Hills, India


Image: 19 x 29 cm (7 1/2 x 11 7/16 in.) Framed: 16 3/4 x 20 3/4 in. (42.5 x 52.7 cm)

Accession Number


Medium or Technique

Opaque watercolor, gold, and beetle wing on paper

Not On View






Obverse: at top, inscription of Praudhaadhira then recopied.

Reverse: "When the daughter of the King of Mountains (Parvati) saw her reflection in the Moon on Lord Shiva's forehead, she mistook it for another nayika sporting with the Lord. So in anger she raised her trembling hand, adorned with glittering bracelets, to reproach her lord."


By 1916, purchased in India by Ananda K. Coomaraswamy (b. 1887 - d. 1947); 1917, sold by Ananda K. Coomaraswamy to Denman Waldo Ross (b. 1853 - d. 1935), Cambridge, MA; 1917, given by Denman Waldo Ross to the MFA. (Accession date: April 5, 1917)

Credit Line

Ross-Coomaraswamy Collection