Scarab with Hercle/Herakles throttling the Nemean lion

Italic, Etruscan
Classical Period
Early 4th century B.C.

Catalogue Raisonné

Lewes House Gems, no. 089 (1920; 2002, additional published references).


Legacy dimension: 0.016 L.

Accession Number


Medium or Technique


Not On View


Jewelry, The Ancient World


Scarabs and scaraboids

Dark orange-red carnelian. Scarab with a flat, oval base engraved in intaglio; pierced lengthwise; set in a modern gold mount. Hercle/Herakles, in frontal view but head in profile, throttling the Nemean lion at right. At left, a club. A bow between the hero’s legs. Cable border. An Etruscan inscription “Hercle” in negative clockwise from the left. The back, originally carved as a beetle, was cut off. A large chip missing at right.


By about 1899: with Edward Perry Warren (according to J. D. Beazley, The Lewes House Collection of Ancient Gems, no. 89: Bought from an Italian about 1899.); April 5, 1926: loaned to MFA by Edward Perry Warren (as 86.26); November 17, 1927: purchased by MFA from Edward Perry Warren for $ 161,000.00 (this figure is the total price for MFA 27.647-27.761)

Credit Line

Francis Bartlett Donation of 1912