Section of Lycian votive relief

Roman Provincial
Imperial Period
2nd–3rd century A.D.

Place of Manufacture: Asia Minor, Lycia

Catalogue Raisonné

Sculpture in Stone (MFA), no. 293; Sculpture in Stone and Bronze (MFA), p. 113 (additional published references).


Height x width x length: 33 x 37 x 6 cm (13 x 14 9/16 x 2 3/8 in.)

Accession Number


Medium or Technique

Marble from Aphrodisias, Turkey

Not On View


The Ancient World



The left half can be reconstructed from a small group of more complete slabs. Twelve warrior gods in Roman armor flank (six by six) a captain under a baldachin. Below, also six by six, twelve bears or wolves (?) kneel in adoration. The dedicator of the relief may have stood in another baldachin beneath that of the captain. The inscription ( Greek inscription to be added ) across the middle strip states: “To the twelve gods, according to divine command.” Below is written ( Greek inscription to be added ). Evidently so-and-so, son of Archos, dedicated it. On a relief in Istanbul the name Eros appears on the left, but his paternity is not stated.
The lower surfaces of the relief are chipped, rubbed, and somewhat more incrusted than the area with the standing figures.

Scientific Analysis:

University of South Florida Lab No. 8478: Isotope ratios - delta13C -0.6 / delta18O -3.5,

Attribution - Aphrodisias (city quarries), Turkey. Justification - C and O isotopes, coarse grain


By date unknown: said to be from the art market in Istanbul by way of a private collection in Switzerland; by 1963: with Petro Hanazoglu; purchased by MFA from Petro Hanazoglu, January 8, 1964

Credit Line

Charles Amos Cummings Bequest Fund