Findspot: Nubia (Sudan), Nuri, found in Pyramid 40, stairway but is intrusive
Leg (largest): 7.0 x 3.3 x 1.5 cm (2 3/4 x 1 5/16 x 9/16 in.)
Medium or Technique
Not On View
This object consists of 4 shawabty fragments and 2 chips. Two of these fragments join forming one foot and ankle, the other fragments are one leg inscribed on the front and back and one shoulder with hoe. Although found in Nu 40, these fragments do not match the other shawabtys found in this tomb.
The ancient Nubians included shawabtys in their tombs only in the Napatan Period, about 750–270 B.C. These funerary figurines are based on Egyptian shawabtys, but differ from them in many features of their iconography. For instance, the known Nubian examples are only from royal tombs. Also, they have unique texts, implements, poses and are known to have the largest number of shawabtys included in one tomb. Their function, it is assumed, was the same as that of the Egyptian shawabty, namely to magically animate in the Afterlife in order to act as a proxy for the deceased when called upon to tend to field labor or other tasks. This expressed purpose was sometimes written on the shawabty itself in the form of a “Shawabty Spell,” of which versions of various lengths are known. Shorter shawabty inscriptions could also just identify the deceased by name and, when applicable, title(s). However, many shawabtys carry no text at all. The ideal number of such figurines to include in a tomb or burial seems to have varied during different time periods.
From Nubia (Sudan) Nuri, found in pyramid 40 (Queen Makmale), stairway but is intrusive. 1917: excavated by the Harvard University-Museum of Fine Arts Expedition; assigned to the MFA by the government of the Sudan.
Harvard University—Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition