Shawabty of Horemakhbit
Late Period, Dynasty 26–30
Findspot: Egypt, Giza, Debris in pit G 7450 X II
Overall: 13 cm (5 1/8 in.)
Medium or Technique
Not On View
This mummiform shawabty is in the classic Late Period form which is characterized by tripartite wig, long beard, back pillar and base. The figure holds the pick on the right shoulder and hoe and cord to a small seed bag on the left. The arms are crossed opposite left over right. There is one framed column of incised text on the front of the figure that goes over the arms and up to the wig. It names the owner as Horemakhbit. Crude. The face is chipped. The piece was broken in pieces and is now mended.
An ancient Egyptian shawabty is a funerary figurine that was intended to magically animate in the Afterlife in order to act as a proxy for the deceased when called upon to tend to field labor or other tasks. This expressed purpose was sometimes written on the shawabty itself in the form of a “Shawabty Spell,” of which versions of various lengths are known. Shorter shawabty inscriptions could also just identify the deceased by name and, when applicable, title(s). However, many shawabtys carry no text at all. The ideal number of such figurines to include in a tomb or burial seems to have varied during different time periods.
This shawabti is inscribed with one vertical line containing Padibastet’s name and his mother’s name.
From Giza, debris in pit G 7450 X II. 1927: Excavated by the Harvard University–Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition; assigned to the MFA by the government of Egypt.
Harvard University—Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition