Shawabty of Horwedja
Late Period, Dynasty 26–30
Findspot: Egypt, Giza, Pit G 7661 A, room I
Overall: 10.4 cm (4 1/8 in.)
Medium or Technique
Not On View
This shawabty, inscribed for Horwedja, dates to the Late Period. The typology of this period consists of a tripartite wig, long beard, back pillar and base, with the figure holding the pick on the right shoulder and hoe and cord to a small seed bag on the left. Here the arms are crossed right over left. Below the crossed arms one line of horizontal text tops a framed vertical column of text.
An ancient Egyptian shawabty is a funerary figurine that was intended to magically animate in the Afterlife in order to act as a proxy for the deceased when called upon to tend to field labor or other tasks. This expressed purpose was sometimes written on the shawabty itself in the form of a “Shawabty Spell,” of which versions of various lengths are known. Shorter shawabty inscriptions could also just identify the deceased by name and, when applicable, title(s). However, many shawabtys carry no text at all. The ideal number of such figurines to include in a tomb or burial seems to have varied during different time periods.
This shawabti is inscribed with one horizontal line and one vertical line containing Horwedja’s name and his mother’s name.
Harvard University—Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition