Shawabty of Mesenwedjet (?)
Late Period, Dynasty 26–30
Findspot: Egypt, Giza, Pit G 7050 B, shaft debris
Overall: 22.7 cm (8 15/16 in.)
Medium or Technique
Not On View
This shawabty dates to the Late Period. The typology of this period consists of a tripartite wig, long beard, back pillar and base, with the figure holding the pick on the right shoulder and hoe and cord to a small seed bag on the left. Here the arms are crossed opposite right over left. The object was broken in five pieces and is now mended. There are seven horizontal lines of incised text encircling the body, including some of the back pillar. The name, Mesenwedjet, on this shawabty possibly identifies a parent, Wedjet, rather than the owner. The space where the name should appear is damaged. The owner holds the title “sesh neswet” which means “royal scribe”.
An ancient Egyptian shawabty is a funerary figurine that was intended to magically animate in the Afterlife in order to act as a proxy for the deceased when called upon to tend to field labor or other tasks. This expressed purpose was sometimes written on the shawabty itself in the form of a “Shawabty Spell,” of which versions of various lengths are known. Shorter shawabty inscriptions could also just identify the deceased by name and, when applicable, title(s). However, many shawabtys carry no text at all. The ideal number of such figurines to include in a tomb or burial seems to have varied during different time periods.
This shawabti is inscribed with one vertical line containing Padihor’s name.
From Giza Pit G 7050 B, shaft debris. 1926: excavated by the Harvard University–Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition; assigned to the MFA in the division of finds by the government of Egypt.
Harvard University—Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition