Side panel of the coffin of Pepi-ima

First Intermediate Period, Dynasty 9–11
2100–2061 B.C.

Findspot: Egypt, Naga el-Deir, Tomb 4003


Length x Height: 208 x 49.5 cm (81 7/8 x 19 1/2 in.)

Accession Number


Medium or Technique


Not On View


The Ancient World


Coffins and sarcophagi

This side panel to the wooden box coffin of Pepi-ima is painted and inscribed. The field is occupied primarily by a frieze of offerings for the deceased, including sandals, foodstuffs, a knife, oils, chests, and beaded collars. Groups of offerings are interspersed with columns of black painted hieroglyphic text recording portions of the Coffin Texts. The upper margin is occupied by two columns of cursive hieroglyphic text oriented perpendicular to the rest of the decoration and text. Below this text is an upper border of red, green, and white painted bands outlined and divided by black lines. An offering text for Pepy-ima follows in blue hieroglyphic text. The paint on some sections has worn away almost completely. Portions of the lower panel show slight damage to the wood.


From Naga el-Deir, tomb N.4003. 1923: excavated by the Harvard University-Museum of Fine Arts Expedition and assigned to the MFA by the Egyptian government.
(Accession Date: June 21, 1995)

Credit Line

Harvard University—Boston Museum of Fine Arts Expedition