Statue group of a satyr, a maenad, and Eros

Roman
Late Imperial Period
3rd–4th century A.D.


Place of Manufacture: Turkey

Catalogue Raisonné

Sculpture in Stone (MFA), no. 197; Sculpture in Stone and Bronze (MFA), p. 112 (additional published references).

Dimensions

Height: satyr: 81 cm (31 7/8 in.); maenad: 82 cm (32 5/16 in.); Eros: 49.1 cm (19 5/16 in.)

Accession Number

62.1a-b

Medium or Technique

Marble from the Greek islands or Southwest Asia Minor, possibly the quarry of Göktepe.

On View

Antioch Mosaic Gallery (Gallery 214A)

Collections

The Ancient World

Classifications

Sculpture

The three figures have been broken and carefully rejoined. Most of the plinth under the larger figures is restored, only that at the maenad’s drapery and right foot remaining. Eros has lost both feet and all his plinth. His right wing was made separately and attached with an iron pin. A modern pin now holds the satyr’s left forearm to where his hand touches the maenad’s breast, and a similar pin runs from his left knee to the large support which runs to the maenad’s drapery. Another such fixture bridges the gap between his raised right food and the swirl of her drapery. The surfaces are covered with root marks and a grayish brown deposit, some of this has been removed. Where it did not affect the areas of flesh and, to a lesser extent, drapery, they have a high polish.
The scene is a elaboration and, in a sense, a continuation of a famous Hellenistic work, the “Invitation to the Dance,” belonging to the later half of the second century B.C. The motif was popular in the late Roman period, found on both sarcophagi and in sculpture in the round.

Provenance

By 1961: with Hesperia Art, 2219 St. James Place, Philadelphia, 3, Pa. (said to have been found at Aphrodisias in Caria); January 10, 1962: purchased by MFA from Hesperia Art for $ 15,000.-.

Credit Line

William Francis Warden Fund