The Betrayal (Cutting from a Gradual or Antiphonary)

Italian (Northern Tuscany)
Medieval (Gothic)
about 1350–1400
Attributed to Niccolò di Giacomo da Bologna (Italian (active in Bologna, 1349–1403))

Place of Manufacture: Europe, Italy, Northern Tuscany


Overall: 22 x 20.7 cm (8 11/16 x 8 1/8 in.)

Accession Number


Medium or Technique

Tempera, ink, and gold leaf on parchment

Not On View





A double-sided cutting from a gradual or antiphonary, both book types containing songs used in the Divine Office or Mass. Illuminated “O” on verso historiated with a scene of the Betrayal of Christ by Judas Iscariot. In the foreground, Judas embraces Christ, surrounded by a crowd of onlookers and soldiers, two of whom raise lanterns in the background. Painted on gold leaf with acanthus in orange and pale blue into margin. Responsory on recto begins with a 1-staff-high initial in red with blue filigree. Written in a Rotunda script in black ink.

Matins of Fer. 6 in Parasceve:
[A. Diviserunt sib]i vestimenta [mea et super v]estem meam mise[runt sortem]; [R.] Om[nes amici mei dereliquerunt…]

Three partial staves on recto, writing lines in blind, heightened square neumes on a four-line red staff, c-clef.


1917, bequest of John B. How to the MFA. (Accession Date: January 18, 1917)

Credit Line

Bequest of J. B. How