Uncover the history of the MFA’s pioneering 1916–20 excavations at Gebel Barkal. The Egyptians regarded this small mountain at the southern limit of their empire as the home of their supreme god, Amun of Karnak, both the father of the pharaoh and the physical source of his divine essence. As long as the Egyptians controlled Gebel Barkal, they could convince the Nubians of Amun’s desire that the pharaohs rule Kush as part of Egypt. Once the Egyptians lost control of the mountain, it was only a matter of time before Amun granted the same kingship to a native Nubian dynasty, who then ruled Egypt as part of Kush.
Timothy Kendall, co-director, National Corporation for Antiquities and Museums (Sudan) Jebel Barkal Archaeological Mission, 1999–2019