German photographers took the vast majority of Holocaust photography, and produced the most iconic images,such as the so-called Warsaw Ghetto Boy, and the selections at Auschwitz. Therefore for the most part, we imagine the Holocaust visually through Nazi eyes. There also exists a considerable corpus of Jewish ghetto photography, taken by professional and amateur photographers, that captures not only aspects of the ghetto hidden to the Germans, but shows layers of ambiguity and nuance that the official photos miss. How do these photographs differ from the better known Nazi photographs? Does it matter who took the photo, or just what appears in the image?

Judith Cohen, chief acquisitions curator, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Above: Henryk Ross, Man walking in winter in the ruins of the synagogue on Wolborska street (destroyed by Germans 1939), 1940. Gelatin silver print. Silver gelatin on cellulose nitrate: negative series. Art Gallery of Ontario, Gift from Archive of Modern Conflict, 2007.

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Educational and public programming is generously supported by the Beker Foundation. Additional support provided by the Phillip and Edith Leonian Foundation.